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Library - Learning + Information skills: Scan and Skim

Keys to success Questioning Finding Selecting Creating Evaluating

Explanation of Skimming and Scanning

Note taking from the Internet

It is not illegal to Cut and paste information into notes as you search


Open a word document. Type the date (you will need this for your bibliography later, so you know which date you accessed the websites below), the title of assignment and your name (leave document open).


  1. Open your Internet browser and select a search engine. Type in keywords. Visit sites which you think may be useful. To open multiple sites, right-click (or control-click) the most useful-looking links in your search results. This is called ‘tabbed browsing’ and allows you to have several pages loading at once while still having your search results open.


  1. Copy and paste the website address and title NOW before you forget for your bibliography later! (Also in case you need to revisit this website later.)


  1. Copy and paste any useful information – sort into your topic areas as you go


  1. HIGHLIGHT all words copied directly from the Internet to indicate that they are NOT your words (or change the colour of the font)


  1. Under the highlighted text/graphic that you copied, write a commentary – e.g. why you think this information is useful or which question or part of the assignment it answers etc. OR re-synthesize the information into your own words now.


  1. Use tab keys to switch back and forth between your word document and Internet browser.


  1. Repeat Steps 3-6 using other search engines and internet sites. Depending on your research topic, it may be useful to search newspaper, library databases (through the State Library of NSW) and periodical websites.


REMEMBER: Pictures taken from the internet are copyright and their origins need to be cited the same as any written information.


All research notes and photocopying should be handed in as part of your portfolio, along with the FINAL copy of your assignment (this makes it easier for your teacher to check any references).


Your teacher may include a component mark for your research notes and bibliography as part of your total mark.



Brief overview

Use your own words - Activity


Part A has been done for you – the important information on winemaking has been underlined and listed.


A. Winemaking

In some parts of the world, grapes are grown for wine-making. The sun-ripened grapes are harvested by people who often wear large-brimmed hats as protection against the hot sun. The harvested grapes are taken to a factory where they are crushed to extract the juice. As wine improves with age, the bottles are stored sometimes for years, and allowed to mature.

Important details

Sun-ripened grapes, grown for winemaking, are harvested and then crushed to extract the juice. Wine improves with age, bottles are allowed to mature for varying lengths of time, even years.

B. Oranges

Oranges are grown in the Murray Valley in the area near where New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia meet. It is possible to grow oranges there because irrigation channels from the Murray provide water that the orange trees need. Oranges grow well in a hot, dry climate and this is found in various parts of the world. Because watering of the roots rather than the leaves is important, the irrigated orange groves near the Murray produce beautiful fruits.




C. Trumpets

Trumpets are metal instruments usually made of brass. In a trumpet and other instruments like it, there are valves. The valves are sometimes called stops. As he plays, a player presses down on the valves. The valves open and close off sections of the tube. This changes the length of the column of air and causes notes to be higher of lower.




D.  Whales

There are more than a dozen different kinds of whales. Some whales are enormous but some are quite small. The blue whale is the biggest animal that ever lived and is even longer than a dinosaur. Porpoises and dolphins, which are members of the whale family, are only a few feet long. Whales are mammals and must surface to breathe. As do all mammals, female whales feed their young on milk. Some whales feed by straining tiny plants and animals through strainers in their mouths. Others have strong teeth which enable them to eat large sea creatures.




This Article is about the Middle East – Find information only about the ‘Oil Industry’ from this article.

E.  The Middle East

Those countries stretching from the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea to the Arabian Sea in the south are sometimes referred to as the “Middle East”. They include countries such as Egypt and Sudan, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, and Saudi Arabia, and smaller countries like Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan near the Mediterranean Sea and Yemen, Aden and Kuwait on the Arabian Peninsula.

The Middle East is not an important industrial region. There are some fertile farming areas but in many parts, the land must be irrigated for successful farming to be carried on. The large cities in the Middle East such as Cairo and Alexandria in Egypt, Istanbul, Baghdad, and Tehran are mainly trading centres.

Oil is the really valued product of the region. From the chief oil-producing countries of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Bahrain more oil is exported than from any other region of the world.

Pipe lines carry much of the oil overland to the Mediterranean where it is loaded onto the tankers for distribution to other countries. Much of the oil is also exported from parts on the shores of the Persian Gulf,