Skip to Main Content

HIS 9 - Making a Nation: European settlement

Making a Nation

Penal Colonies, Australian History 1788,  Sydney (N.S.W) - History,  Aboriginal peoples history,

Land settlement - Australia, Aboriginal peoples - landrights, First Fleet,  Australia - Colonisation,


Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia,

New South Wales, Van Diemen’s Land/Tasmania and Queensland started as penal colonies.

Sydney, Hobart, and Brisbane were all sites of penal colonies at Sydney Cove, Risdon Cove (there is still a prison at Risdon today) and Moreton Bay respectively.

South Australia was free settled in 1836 on the banks of the Torrens River.

Settlers from Tasmania moved to Victoria, so some of them may have convict heritage, but was established as a free colony. They did at some time after that accept convicts.

Swan River Colony/Western Australia was started as a free colony but also accepted convicts. Western Australia, Freemantle, was the last colony to accept convicts in Australia.


Confict Information

Convict records

Tasmanian lifelines - Makers of Australia

NSW State Archives - Convicts

Convict Traces - Websites

Timeline for the convict settlement

Indigenous Australians - includes the video - "Empty Land"

Convict war and loss

Play a convict game - manage your ship

The Voyage is a free online game based on historical records about the transportation of convicts from Britain to the penal colony of Van Diemen’s Land around 1830. Are you up to the challenge? Produced for Australian National Maritime Museum.

NSW Deportation of Convicts

Image result for australian convict settlement timeline sydney cove hobart

Settlement in Van Dieman's Land (Tasmania) 1803

Sydney Settlement

Aboriginal Land rights History

Removal of Aboriginal Children from their families

Library books

Aboriginal History

Discussion : Settlement or Invasion

Satirical Look at European Settlement

White Australia has a black history