Penal Colonies, Australian History 1788, Sydney (N.S.W) - History, Aboriginal peoples history,
Land settlement - Australia, Aboriginal peoples - landrights, First Fleet, Australia - Colonisation,
New South Wales, Van Diemen’s Land/Tasmania and Queensland started as penal colonies.
Sydney, Hobart, and Brisbane were all sites of penal colonies at Sydney Cove, Risdon Cove (there is still a prison at Risdon today) and Moreton Bay respectively.
South Australia was free settled in 1836 on the banks of the Torrens River.
Settlers from Tasmania moved to Victoria, so some of them may have convict heritage, but was established as a free colony. They did at some time after that accept convicts.
Swan River Colony/Western Australia was started as a free colony but also accepted convicts. Western Australia, Freemantle, was the last colony to accept convicts in Australia.
Tasmanian lifelines - Makers of Australia
NSW State Archives - Convicts
Convict Traces - Websites
Timeline for the convict settlement
Indigenous Australians - includes the video - "Empty Land"
The Voyage is a free online game based on historical records about the transportation of convicts from Britain to the penal colony of Van Diemen’s Land around 1830. Are you up to the challenge? Produced for Australian National Maritime Museum.