|1856||Responsible government achieved in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.|
|1857||Responsible government achieved in South Australia.|
|1860||Responsible government achieved in Queensland.|
|1863||Northern Territory comes under South Australian administration from New South Wales.|
|1887||Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee.|
|1889||Henry Parkes campaigns for Federation in his Tenterfield Oration.
Colony Premiers agree to a Federation conference.
|1890||The Australasian Federation Conference held in Melbourne in February.
Responsible government achieved in Western Australia.
|1891||Australasian Convention held in Sydney where a Constitution is drafted (March–April).|
|1893||Corowa Conference passes the Corowa Plan to implement a new constitutional process.|
|1894||South Australian women gain the right to vote.|
|1895||A modified Corowa Plan adopted at the Premiers’ Conference in Hobart.|
|1896||Bathurst People’s Federal Convention held.|
|1897||First session of the Australasian Federal Convention held in Adelaide (March–April)|
|1898||The draft Constitution of the Australian Commonwealth.
Unsuccessful referendum on the Constitution Bill in New South Wales.
Successful referendums in Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia.
|1899||Premiers’ ‘secret’ conference, Melbourne, agrees to amend the Constitution Bill.
Successful referendum in South Australia, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Queensland.
Western Australian women gain the right to vote.
|1900||The British Parliament passes the Constitution Bill and the Bill receives royal assent.
Successful referendum held in Western Australia (31 July).
Royal Proclamation of the Commonwealth (17 September).
|1901||Inauguration of the Commonwealth in Sydney (1 January).
Edmund Barton becomes Australia’s first Prime Minister.
First elections for the Commonwealth Parliament (29–30 March).
The first Federal Parliament officially opened in Melbourne (9 May)
|1902||Commonwealth Parliament passes the Commonwealth Franchise Act to give the vote to men and women (June).
Women win the right to vote for the New South Wales Parliament.
|1903||Women win the right to vote for the Tasmanian Parliament.|
|1905||Women win the right to vote for the Queensland Parliament.|
|1908||Women win the right to vote for the Victorian Parliament.
Australian Coat of Arms proclaimed.
|1909||Australian currency introduced.|
|1911||Australian Capital Territory established (January).|
|1913||Canberra is chosen as the site of the future national capital.|
|1921||Edith Cowan elected to the Western Australian Legislative Assembly and becomes the first woman elected to an Australian Parliament.|
|1924||Introduction of compulsory voting for Commonwealth elections.|
|1927||Canberra becomes the national capital.
Commonwealth Parliament begins sitting in Canberra in the Provisional Parliament House.