Have you ever read a story of which you already knew the ending? Why can such a story still be enjoyable? Often times, how a story is told is more important that what is told. Writers use narrative technique to deliver a story. Interesting narratives make for interesting reads. In short narrative technique consists of four components: point of view, narration, speech and tense. We can understand the importance of all four and how they function by asking a few questions:
Point of view - Who tells the story?
Narration - Who is the narrator speaking to?
Speech - How do the narrator and the characters of a story speak?
Tense - When did the events of a story happen? (Source)
Who is telling the story? This question can only really have one of three answers:
- The narrator of the story - This corresponds to the first-person point of view.
- The reader of the story - This is known as second-person point of view.
- Someone else, an outsider looking in - This is what we call third-person narration or point of view.
Point of view. In this pdf you will see three versions of the same story. Which is told in the first, second and third person? What is the effect of telling this story differently? (Source)